Islam:The name of the religion is Islam, which comes from the Arabic root word meaning "peace" and "submission". Islam teaches that one can only find peace in one's life by submitting to Almighty God (Allah) in heart, soul and deed. The same Arabic root word gives us "Salaam alaykum" (Peace be with you), the universal Muslim greeting.
Muslim:A person who believes in and consciously follows Islam is called a Muslim. This is so as to differenciate a Muslim from followers of other religions. The word also from the same root word. So, the religion is called Islam, and a person who follows it is a Muslim.
How Many and Where?
Who is Allah?
"...He knows what enters within the earth
and what comes forth out of it, what comes down from
Since Allah alone is the Creator, it is He alone that deserves our devout love and worship. Anything other than Him is simply His creation.
"That is Allah, your Lord! There is no god but He, the Creator of all things; then worship Him, and He has power to dispose of all affairs. No vision can grasp Him, but His grasp is over all vision; He is the Sublime, Well-Aware" (Qur'an 6:102-103).
Islam holds to a strict monotheism - Allah has no partners and is not divided into a trinity.
"Say: He is Allah, the One; Allah, the Eternal,
Absolute. He begets not, nor is He begotten, and there
Any worship and prayers directed at saints, prophets,
other human beings or nature is considered idolatry (the worship of idol).