|AUTHORITY OF HADITH IN THE LIGHT OF QUR’AN|
|Published by Maularna|
|Sunday, 17 July 2011 01:05|
On September 4, 2010, By Waqar Akbar Cheema
Since the beginning the Muslim Ummah has unanimously believed in Hadith as an established secondary source of the Islamic Law after Qur’an. Infact it has always been recognized only another kind of revelation i.e. it is called Wahy Ghayr Matloo, Revelation that is not recited.
Hadith Source referred to in the Holy Qur’an:
We know that initially during the stay at Makkah and during first one and a half years at Medina the Muslims used to pray facing Baitul Maqdas (i.e. Jerusalem) and later it was ordained to pray facing the Ka’ba as categorically told in Qur’an 2:144. But once this order of change was given the Jews and the hypocrites at Medina objected to the idea. This verse gives a response to the objection. The point of interest for us here is that the appointment of the previous Qibla has been attributed to Allah himself even though it has never been mentioned in the Qur’an. Obviously it was Holy Prophet (PBUH) who used to teach the people to face Baitul Maqdas prior to the change without referring to Qur’an yet we find the same to be attributed to Allah. The verse reads;
This is solid evidence that the earlier order was given by the Holy Prophet (PBUH) on the authority of a revelation which did not form a part of the Qur’an. This is what Hadith is, only another kind of revelation!
حَتَّى يَتَبَيَّنَ لَكُمُ الْخَيْطُ الْأَبْيَضُ مِنَ الْخَيْطِ الْأَسْوَدِ مِنَ الْفَجْرِ ثُمَّ أَتِمُّوا الصِّيَامَ إِلَى اللَّيْلِ
أُحِلَّ لَكُمْ لَيْلَةَ الصِّيَامِ الرَّفَثُ إِلَى نِسَائِكُمْ هُنَّ لِبَاسٌ لَكُمْ وَأَنْتُمْ لِبَاسٌ لَهُنَّ عَلِمَ اللَّهُ أَنَّكُمْ كُنْتُمْ تَخْتَانُونَ أَنْفُسَكُمْ فَتَابَ عَلَيْكُمْ وَعَفَا عَنْكُمْ فَالْآَنَ بَاشِرُوهُنَّ وَابْتَغُوا مَا كَتَبَ اللَّهُ لَكُمْ وَكُلُوا وَاشْرَبُوا “It is made lawful for you, in the nights of fasts, to have sex with your women. They are apparel for you, and you are apparel for them. Allah knows that you have been betraying yourselves, so He relented towards you and pardoned you. So now you can have sexual intimacy with them and seek what Allah has destined for you and eat and drink until the white thread of the dawn becomes distinct from the black thread; then complete the fast up to the night.” (Qur’an 2:187)
1- The words ‘relented towards you and pardoned you’ show that prior to the revelation of this verse having sexual intimacy with ones wife during the nights of Ramadan was a sin.
2- And the words ‘now you can have sexual intimacy with them’ show that with the revelation of this verse alone has it become lawful.
All these points imply that the earlier prohibition was indeed from Allah yet we do not find that in the Qur’an. Who was then the authority to prohibit it before this command if not the Holy Prophet (PBUH)? If he was the one, and surely he was, then is it not an evident proof in favor of Hadith, the words of the Prophet, as a source of Law?
The verse was revealed about an event during the siege of the treacherous Banu Nadair, a Jewish tribe of Medina. It is clearly mentioned that Muslims cut down trees with Allah’s permission. Where is the leave to cut down trees during a battle given in the Qur’an? How was the leave of Allah, not found in the Qur’an, conveyed if not through a revelation that does not form a part of the Qur’an? Obviously the only reasonable answer is that Allah conveyed the leave through ‘un-recited revelation’ and it was Holy Prophet (PBUH) who gave the command to cut down trees in his words during the siege. Such a command given by the Prophet (PBUH) is what is knows as Hadith. And the companions who carried out the command followed Hadith knowing fully that it was from Allah.
There are more examples on these lines.
Obeying the Prophet means obeying Sunnah/Hadith:
“Obey Allah and the Messenger, so that you may be blessed.” (Qur’an 3:132)
“And obey Allah and His Messenger, if you are believers.” (Qur’an 8:1)
Every single verse of the Holy Qur’an which speaks of the ‘Obedience to Allah’ without an exception mentions ‘Obedience to the Messenger’ as well.
Other verses are 8:13, 9:63, 33:36 and 72:23.
There is not a single verse in the Holy Qur’an wherein ‘Obedience to Allah’ is mentioned without that of the Messenger. On the other hand there are certain verses in which only ‘Obedience to the Messenger’ has been mentioned. Same is the case with the verses warning about disobedience. Following are a couple of examples;
Also see 4:115 & 24:54.
Jibra’il and the Holy Prophet (PBUH); a comparison:
The task of Jibra’il (AS) was to simply bring down the words of Allah (i.e. Qur’an) and recite them to the Prophet (PBUH) while this alone was not the task of the Holy Prophet (PBUH). He was not only to recite the verses but also to teach the Book of Allah. We read in the Qur’an;
The verse implies that the Messenger of Allah (PBUH) has the final word in interpretation of the Book [i.e. Qur’an] as he has come to teach the Book and not merely to recite its verses.
If the task of the Holy Prophet (PBUH) was similar to that of Angel Jibra’il why is it that Allah so often mentions the Obedience to the Prophet along with Obedience to Himself while there is no injunction about Obedience to Jibra’il?
Had the Prophet’s (PBUH) task been the same as that of Jibra’il (AS) there would have been no mention of obedience to him just as there is no mention of obedience to Jibr’ail.
This is a strong notion in support of Hadith along with Qur’an as a source of Law in the House of Islam!
May ALLAH make us have faith in all the articles and fundamentals of His Deen!
INDEED ALLAH KNOWS THE BEST!
[002:198] You incur no sin if you seek the bounties of your Lord (by trading during pilgrimage). When you leave the plains of ‘Arafat’ in multitudes, remember (and glorify) Allah near the sacred ground of ‘Mushar’. Remember Him “as He has guided you”. Prior to this, you were certainly unguided.
[004:059] Oh you who believe! Obey Allah, obey the messenger, and (obey) those who occupy a position of authority among you. Then, should there arise a dispute among you concerning anything, refer it to Allah and the messenger _ if you (really) believe in Allah and the Last Day. That is much better and will (prove to) be the best outcome.
[004:081] They say, “We are obedient!” But as they leave your presence, some of them (gather at night and) conspire to do just the opposite of “what you said”. Allah is recording their nightly cabals. So, let them be, and place your trust in Allah. Sufficient is Allah as a trustee!
The Hadith rejectors argue that obeying the Messenger means obeying the Qur’an as the Messenger brought the Qur’an and therefore obedience to him would be through obedience to what he brought. The verses above refute that fact and prove that obedience to the Messenger is literal, the way it is to for a ruler.
[004:065] Not at all! By your Lord, they can never really be the believers unless they accept you as a judge concerning all matters of dispute between them. (They cannot be the believers) until they find no conflict in their mind concerning any matter you have settled and put to rest; until they accept all your decisions with complete and total submission.
If the people had differences, they settled them through the guidance of the Prophet (sal Allahu alayhi wasallam). Then what is wrong if people gain guidance through Hadith even today? They are the best source of guidance. Remember, we got the Qur’an from Allah through the Prophet (sal Allahu alayhi wasallam) and through the Sahaba which is the same source as that of Ahadith.
[012:021] The one in Egypt who bought him, took him to his wife saying, “Take good care of him! He might bring us some benefits or we might adopt him as a son!” Thus, We provided a home for Yusuf in that land, so that We may teach him the interpretation of dreams and events. Allah has dominating control over His commands, but most people do not know!
This Ayat brings an interesting story to mind. When Prophet Yusuf (alayhi salaam) was in prison, the two captives asked him for interpretations of their dreams and so did the king. If Ahadith were forbidden and his only purpose was to simply convey the message without explaining it in complete detail, then he would have rebuked them for following his Hadith. What he spoke were definitely his Ahadith and not a part of the book.
[017:092] “Or make the sky tumble down upon us in pieces _ as you have claimed _ and have Allah and His angels appear (face to face) before us.”
The Qur’an states that the sky would burst open on the Day of Judgment but this Ayat appeared in the Qur’an which means that Allah approved of this saying from the Prophet (sal Allahu alayhi wasallam). The Prophet (sal Allahu alayhi wasallam) did not speak on his own; when he warned the kaafireen he did so from what Allah made known to him from other than the revelation that became a part of the Qur’an.
[046:004] Say, [O Muhammad], “Have you considered that which you invoke besides Allah? Show me what they have created of the earth; or did they have partnership in [creation of] the heavens? Bring me a scripture [revealed] before this or a [remaining] trace of [established] knowledge, if you should be truthful.”
Here Allah tells the Prophet (sal Allahu alayhi wasallam) to demand from the kaafireen any evidence of their beliefs whether it be in a scripture revealed before or from “established knowledge”. Here Allah has stated that knowledge is not only in the revealed books but also elsewhere. Perhaps the verse above refers to Talmud and the evidence would be considered “established knowledge” after looking at the isnad and matan.
[059:007] Accept what the Messenger grants you and stay away from what he forbids! Fear Allah. Indeed, Allah is very Severe in reprisal!
[072:026] (Allah is) the Knower of the unseen; He does not divulge His secrets to anyone. [072:027] Except to whomever He chooses among His messengers. (When He reveals the unseen to a messenger), He appoints (angels as) observers in front of and behind him, [072:028] In order to monitor how the Messenger conveys the message of his Lord. He (Allah) surrounds (with his Knowledge and Power) everything that exists around them. (He knows everything)! He has counted up every single thing!
Allah can let His messengers know of things that He does not reveal and the messenger can tell them to the believers. Based on these Ayaat above, we can easily say that the Prophet (sal Allahu alayhi wasallam) can make prophecies; he has been given this right and knowledge.